John L. O'Brien, Register 
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Title - Native American Deeds
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Introduction Narrative
   
link to timelines   TIMELINES            
   
      Timeline Key

Essex County
Europe
Mass Bay Colony
Native American

1601
King`s Grant
The Sovereign would provide a `King`s Grant` with the royal seal affixed but could revoke at any time. (No private ownership). Charters were issued to `Councils.` Land Patents were issued to `Patentees`.
1602
Martha`s Vineyard
Bartholomew Gosnold explores Cape Cod and names Martha`s Vineyard after his daughter and the grapes found there.
1603
Martin Pring exploration stops in Plymouth Bay and sends trading ship up the Piscataqua River in Maine
1604

King James I takes the England throne after Queen Elizabeth I (1559-1604) dies
1604
Puritan & Catholic Alienation
King James I was alienating the Puritans and the Catholics. He also got involved with a series of quarrels with Parliament
1605

Samuel de Champlain explores coast of Essex County to Cape Ann, which he call `Beauport` and maps locations of native agricultural people.
1605

Englishman George Weymouth explores Maine Coast and kidnaps five Native Americans, including "Squanto" who came back and served as interpreter at Plymouth
1606
King James I issues letter patents to Northern and Southern Virginia Companies, overlapping grants to settle between the 34th degree of latitude and the 45th degree of latitude
1606
Beginning of British Empire
King James I grants two royal charters: Virginia and New England - the beginning of the first British Empire.
1607
English Separatists Emigrate
English (Separatists) leave England for Holland for religious freedom. (Later in 1620, they, with the aid of Virginian associates, show up on the shores of Plymouth, Mass and were known as `Pilgrims`
1607
George Popham settles Sagadahoc Colony (established Popham, Maine) at mouth of Kennebec River
1607
Jamestown Plantation formed in Virginia.
1608

Samuel de Champlain, French, establishes Quebec Colony. He also at this time took soundings from shallow draft boats up the Merrimack River, mapped Cape Ann as `Le Beauport`, noting it as having a having friendly Native Plantation.
1608

Henry Hudson, working for the East India Company, sails up the Manittus River (later called the Hudson River) in the ship `Half Moon`. Natives drink Dutch-provided rum on the southern island called Manhattan (`place of drunkenness`)
1609
Henry Hudson explores Massachusetts Bay
1609

Native Americans speaking the Algonquian language ( Narragansetts, Pequots, Wampanoags, Pawtuckets, Abenakis, Delaware, and Powahatons) were first to greet the European settlers (English, Dutch, and French)
1609

(James) Montowampate a.k.a. Sagamore James, second son born to Nanepashemet and his wife in Pawtucket (Lynn)
1614

Capt. John Smith explores Essex County noting abundance of non-hostile Indian villages along the coast
1614
Capt. John Smith visits North Shore
Capt. John Smith, English explorer, visits coast of North Shore
1614

Dutch explore southern New England; founder of Block Island, R.I., sails up the Connecticut River and establishes a trading post near Hartford and visits Manhattan Island, N.Y.
1614

Capt. John Smith, famed English explorer, linked to Pocahontas of Virginia, and dubbed `Admiral of New England` by his boss Sir Fernando Gorges, maps the coast of New England. It is a reasonable facsimile and good representation of the N.E. geography. He named the Isles of Shoals, N.H. as `Smith Isles`, `Plum Island` for all of its plums (Rose Hips), Gloucester as `Cape Anne` and the `River Charles` after the young Prince Charles.
1614
Adrian Block settles at Fort Orange on the Hudson River (Albany, N.Y.)
1615

Tarrantines attack local Indians at Beverly Brook (Methuen)
1615

War breaks out in Maine between Penobscots and Tarrantines. Nanepashemet sends war party to aid the Penobscots, which prompted later retaliation and his death and the destruction of his vast federation.
1616

(George) Wenepoykin a.k.a. Sagamore George, third son born to Nanepashemet and his wife in Pawtucket (Lynn)
1619

Nanapashemet, Great Sagamore of the Massachusetts Federation and Sachem of the Pawtuckets, killed by Tarrantines (Maine) at his fortified camp in Medford.
1619

Squaw Sachem, wife of Nanapashemet, succeeds him with three sons to rule over the Massachusetts Federation.
1619

Following Nanapashemet`s death, the Massachusetts Federation, reaching from Portsmouth, N.H. to Brattleboro, VT, shrinks from 6,000 square miles to less than 1,000 square miles (Concord east to Chelsea and lower Essex County)
1619

A New Massachusetts Federation is formed south of Boston led by Chickataubet, Sachem of the Wessagusett (Weymouth)
1619

Only the Naumkeags (Salem), the Saugus (Lynn-Saugus), the Winnisimmetts (Chelsea) and the Musketaquids (Concord) remained loyal to Squaw Sachem
1619

Masconomet, Sagamore of the Agawams (Ipswich) and Sagamores Passa Quo and Sagga Hue of the Pentuckets (Haverhill) become loyal to Passaconaway, Great Sachem of the Pennacooks Federation (Southern New Hampshire)
1620

Massasoit, Sagamore of the Wampanoags (Plymouth) calls for Passaconaway and Masconomet to meet with the Pilgrims. The consensus among the sachems was that an alliance with the English would be most beneficial for protection against their enemies.
1620

Sir Fernando Gorges and associates of Northern Virginia Company receive new patent to plant, settle, govern and rule in New England at Plymouth.
1620
`Mayflower` Pilgrims
Plymouth Colony established
 
Four sets of Timelines wre created for this project to highlight significant events during the 17th Century among four categories:

Native Americans
Essex County
Mass. Bay Colony
Europe
.
 
These Timelines are broken out into twenty year intervals:
1600-1620
1621-1640
1641-1660
1661-1680
1681-1700.
 
The multiple sets of Timelines were then merged into a compostite  and consistent colors were assigned to the four categories. The intent was to allow users to follow the flow of events in one category as well as the others in the same period. Some events in one category were very dynamic causing reaction or opportunites in  other categories. This is particularly notable with the five changes in the English Crown during this century."